Module 2 – Learning

Certified Facilitator of Adult Learning

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Module 2 - Learning 

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Personal Style Inventory
2.2 PSI Scoring Sheet.
2.3  PSI Meanings
2.4 Personal Characteristics
2.5 IS Types
2.6 ES Types
2.7 IN Types
2.8 EN Types
2.9  PSI Teaching Strategies
2.10. Methods of Instruction
2.11 Designing Your Course
2.12  Experiential Learning Cycle

 Module Two- Overview 

Personal Styles of  Teaching and Learning

Designing Learning Experiences for Each Style

Experiential Learning Cycle

OBJECTIVES: During this module, participants will:

  1. Identify personal learning style using a Personal  Style Inventory

  2. Plan the learning experience for different types of learners including: Extraverts and Introverts, Sensors and Intuitors, Thinkers and Feelers, Judgers and Perceivers

  3. Facilitate the learner/participant through a 5 step Experiential Learning cycle  that results in the learner being able to “take home” and apply the information in ways that improve their lives and the lives of those around them.


If everyone in the world learned in the same way, then teaching would be easy. In fact, most people teach as if they believed that they do. The typical seminar is lecture based.
The presenter prepares a lecture, then delivers it to his or her audience.  The problem with this method is that it only addresses one type of person, and one method of teaching.  Studies have shown that when the teaching method is lecture-only "telling", that recall after 3 hours is 70%, BUT after 3 days is only 10%. However, when the learner is talking and doing (as well as seeing and hearing), recall rises up to 90%.  It may be nice to know that your audience remembers what you said when you talk to them after the presentation, but what do they remember 3 days later? It’s the 3 days later that we are after, and the 3 weeks, and the lifetime of the learner.

In this module we will explore 4 distinct continuums of learning and develop teaching strategies to address the learning needs of individual preferences.

Each of us has a personal preference or way of viewing our world. We will use in this module a personal style inventory and learning theory based on the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator which views individuals in 4 dimensions or continuums of personal approaches to learning.

1. Extroversion (E) versus Introversion (I) Indicates whether a learner prefers to direct attention towards the external world of people and things or toward the internal world of concepts and ideas. This preference tells us from where people get their energy. 

2. Sensing (S) versus iNtuition (N) Indicates whether a learner prefers to perceive the world by directly observing the surrounding reality or through impressions and imagining possibilities.

3. Thinking (T) versus Feeling (F) Indicates how the learner makes decisions, either through logic or by using fairness and human values.

4. Judging (J) versus Perceptive (P)  Indicates how the learner views the world, either as a structured and planned environment or as a spontaneous environment.


Experiential Learning Cycles propose an iterative series of processes that underlies learning.  In other words, it’s not what you teach, but how you teach it that most dramatically influences the learner.

Experiential Learning Cycles are commonly used to help structure experience-based training and education programs. It is the teacher’s responsibility to structure and organize a series of experiences that positively influence each individual’s potential future experiences (Dewey, 1938/1997).  In other words, "good experiences" motivate, encourage, and enable students to go on to have more valuable learning experiences, whereas, "poor experiences" tend to lead towards a student closing off from potential positive experiences in the future. 




Participants in this module will use the course materials and the learner-centered objectives they developed in Module One. Using their own materials, participants will design a presentation or workshop that includes elements to satisfy all 4 continuums of adult learners. Feedback will be given on teaching strategies and their match with previously developed objectives. In addition the Experiential Learning Cycle will be used to share their objectives and receive feedback with the course facilitator, process how these objectives may assist in a workshop they have done or are planning to do, generalize to future workshops and plan a workshop by applying the Experiential Learning Cycle to their own materials.


CONTENT MAP (Proceed in suggested order or in any order you wish by clicking the links below)

Personal Styles of Learning and Teaching Designing Learning Experiences

The Experiential Learning Cycle
Tests to be Submitted for Feedback

PSI Test
2.2 PSI Score

PSI Meanings

Overview of Personal Types

IS Type
ES Type
2.7 INType
EN Type

Teaching Strategies by Type


Methods of Instruction

Designing Your Course



ExLC – Why?

2.14. ExLC – How

Personalizing Facilitation Questions

Module Two, Test 4

Module Two, Test 7



Begin this module by taking your own
Personal Style Inventory!

Print out your Score Sheet.

With Inventory and Score Sheet in Hand,
Select your General Type and Read About Yourself!






Home ] [ Personal Style Inventory ] [ 2.2 PSI Scoring Sheet. ] [ 2.3  PSI Meanings ] [ 2.4 Personal Characteristics ] [ 2.5 IS Types ] [ 2.6 ES Types ] [ 2.7 IN Types ] [ 2.8 EN Types ] [ 2.9  PSI Teaching Strategies ] [ 2.10. Methods of Instruction ] [ 2.11 Designing Your Course ] [ 2.12  Experiential Learning Cycle ]

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Copyright ? 2008 Mountain Valley Center
Last modified: 02/27/08
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